Different type of fabric used in interior design decoration
Today the fabric used in interior decoration is available in various kinds and colours. Indian homeowners tend to identify the feasibility of the place to choose the fabric for different purpose. Now day’s technology has upper hand in every field and this factor lead to the coming of artificial and synthetic fiber. These Designer fabrics not only make your style perfect but provide your home chic and luxurious touch.
Fabric used for decorations such as curtains, bedsheets, covers and so on, have their properties which make them ideal for specific purpose. Today artificial and synthetic fabric is more common than natural which is otherwise expensive in compare to former. Here we will now discuss different types of fabric with their properties:
Natural fiber is usually made of natural supplements and often expensive to be purchased. However, as its name suggests natural fabric is more durable, soft, luxurious and resilient. Some of the common used natural fiber used to make fabric is linen, cotton, silk, hemp, jute, wool, horsehair, cashmere, mohair, camelhair.
- Linen is a natural fiber derived from the plant flax and provides tough yarn which appears slight glossy and smooth.
- The fabric made from linen fiber which is moth resistant and hardwearing. It can be easily washable and strong when wet.
- This fabric tends to crease quite often yet it makes a good choice for homeowners when it comes to draperies fabric.
Silk is also called animal fiber which is obtained from cocoon of the silkworm moth. Silk is prized for its fragility and luxury and comes to very expensive. Silk is quite popular among the luxurious items due to its unique texture and lustrous appearance. It requires frequent dry cleaning and hand wash is strictly prohibited for silk. It also gets creased and can be damaged if exposed in sunlight. Thus silk must be cautiously handled.
When the dampness diminishes the moulds will start decreasing automatically. Start removing the moulds on the walls and iron frames with a fungicidal wash. Moulds can encourage various allergies and respiratory problems in human beings. Therefore to cease the growth of moulds dampness has to be removed first.
- Wool is another natural fiber fleeced from sheep and further processed through various refinements.
- Wool comes in natural colours but it can be dyed in various other colours. It is considered good insulator and generally used in colder areas to protect against chill winds.
- Wool is versatile and can be blend with synthetic to derive an improved fabric.
- Cotton is obtained from a plant and is very strong and tough.
- Cotton is most liked by homeowners for numerous purposes as it is durable, economical and airy.
- Cotton is widely used for decorative fabrics and doesn’t fade away easily.
Artificial fibers are obtained from different processes such as synthesis of polymers or alteration of natural fibers. This type of fiber is usually made from natural sources like wood pulp and fiber obtained from other plants. The market of artificial fibers has widened due to the modern techniques of combining plant and other sources to make this fiber. Indian market has also seen competitiveness in global market for artificial fiber which is an important source of export business in India. Some of the popular artificial fibers are classified as acetate, rayon, triacetate and modified rayon.
- Rayon is produced from processed wood pulp and valued for its characteristics like hardness, strength and high absorbency.
- Rayon is an artificial fiber which loses its strength when wet and get shrink more than cotton. It is more prone to burning and can rapidly catch fire.
- Rayon is widely used because it is economical and has wonderful properties of draping.
- It is also used as substitute of natural fiber which is expensive over artificial fiber.
- Acetate is obtained from wood pulp and has low characteristics such as low absorbent and strength.
- This fiber is moth resistant and widely used for draping facility.
- After rayon, acetate is common substitute of various natural fibers as it is versatile and inexpensive.
- It is further used in making of satins and other fibers.
- Modified rayon or modal as it called is generally made from cotton waste or wool. It is a cellulose fiber which is used in natural and synthetic fibers in order to modify their properties.
- Modal is strong, absorbent and can be hand washed.
- It also gets creased just like cotton and also has some common properties of cotton.
Synthetic fiber is again man made fiber that are used to increased the utility and improve the quality of natural and artificial fibers made from plant and other sources. Some of the improved synthetic fibers are acrylic, nylon, polyester, and olefin.
- Acrylic is made from the polymerization of free radicals and appeared lightweight, soft and warm.
- Acrylic doesn’t crease easily, shrink resistant and resilient.
- This fiber is also moth resistant but sensitive if exposed to sunlight.
- Polyester is another byproduct of petroleum and considered very strong.
- Polyester easy to handle as it can be hand washed. Other characteristic of this synthetic fiber are shrink resistant, moth resistant, retains its shape and crease resistant.
- Polyester is mixed with natural fibers in order to make out more improved fiber which is strong and durable for furnishing items and upholstery.
- Polyamide is formed with tar, coal and petroleum. Nylon is tough, resilient fiber with high elasticity.
- Nylon is usually non-shrinkable, crease resistant and easily washable.
- Nylon is valued for all these characteristics and has proved to be the most durable synthetic fiber available in types and colours.