Roofing is generally said as the upper portion of the main structure of building that rescues us from every natural phenomenon. Roofing undoubtedly is an important and most essential part of building structure without which no building is complete. Roofing should be strong enough to protect the occupants residing in the structure from all mishaps and disasters. There are various standard characteristics that a roof should possess such as stability, strength, durability, weather proof and safety against water and fire.
Today we have different kinds of roofing unlike earlier and eventually things are going technological with improvisation on every stage to understand the underlying cause of wrongs. Roofs of today are strong and varied according to the purpose of the building structure used for, such as flat roof are generally preferred in houses, pitched roofs are incorporated in farmhouses or in hilly areas while another type shell roofs are constructed in workplaces.
So we have already discussed the names of different types of building roofing that has been in trend today according to the purpose. Now we are going to elucidate these kinds of roofing in detail with their pros and cons.
Flat roofs are constructed in the same way as the floor of the building but with a slope of only one degree to 5 degree. Flat roofing on different floors is varies from the main roof which is also called terracing. Roofing is the main and strong support of any building structure that protects the entire building from water, fire, snow etc.
- This kind of roofing has few advantages in terms of safety and popularity. Flat roof is said to be economical and doesnít really involve much of the finance as compare to other roofing style which require much of support.
- Flat roof is ideal for living purpose.
- Flat roof is also considered safer than other kind of roofing structure.
- The most important advantage of flat roof is that terrace which is left empty can be constructed further for any purpose if desired in the future.
- Flat roof style is not recommendable in hilly areas where snow and storm is heavy.
- Flat roof is also not advised in industrial structure and even if it is incorporated then columns have to be used.
This type of roofs is sloped to a degree of 10 or more from the horizontal level. However, pitched roofs are generally constructed in mountainous regions with heavy snowfall or rainfall in order to reduce the load of snow. The slopes in pitched roofs is usually steeper from 1:1 to 1:1.5 while it also relies on the climatic conditions, weather etc. The material used in pitched roofing is constructed of steel or wood as these materials are harder and possess much strength.
- Pitched roofs have an advantage to be constructed in a small time span and can also be incorporated as industrial sheds without columns unlike in flat roofs.
- It is well conversant with water, snow and doesnít require extra weather shield or water proofing because the way it is constructed, makes it ideal for every type of season.
- Pitched roofs have more disadvantages then flat roof has, as this type of roofing is not considered durable in various sense.
- It doesnít provide any terracing to be used as further construction.
- This kind of roof is also prone to leakage.
- Metal used onto the pitched is prone to rust while wood develops problem of wear and tear.
Shell roof is typical and wonderful type of roofing that meets both the purpose of architectural designing and functional roofing. Such kind of roofing is commonly built in complexes, colleges, offices, theatres, factories and different recreation halls. The design of unique style of shell roofing differentiates it from other types.
- It provides designer view to the people making it different from other structures.
- It doesnít view problems like leakage or wear-tear. The roofing is strong and hard to cover the entire area.
- Shell roofing is somewhat expensive than others.
- Upper floor canít be used for further construction.
- Shell roofing also faces problems of proper ventilation and light.