Building orientation is an important & foremost step during the construction of building which is taken in such a way so that every proposed space receives proper lighting and ventilation. Orientation of building should be decided in all significant manners in order to construct environment friendly and cost effective building. Orientation is generally a step in which all important decisions related to flooring, designing, constructing etc are being proposed.
The importance of building orientation lies in the fact that it helps people (about to reside) from undesirable problems that may come upon through improper building of specific place. The building should be effective in terms of construction of every place, ventilation, lighting and cost and energy effectiveness. A distinctive designing of building must have above characteristics to make it compliment for people.
Before deciding upon the orientation few things have to be considered pertaining to weather or climatic implications of the area because such can affect the building adversely. Building must be designed by determining few factors with respect to natural air, natural light and energy saving approach.
- Energy effectiveness of building makes an important point that must be remembered during the designing & orientation because the less the energy usage in building, the more effective is building in saving cost. The building during the orientation should be designed in such a way that it attract sunlight from right direction and help keeping the place cool. While designing approach must be in maximizing eastern rays and minimizing southern rays.
- Exposure through eastern & northern sides is important to decide while orientation so as to make way for natural air. Natural air work as food for people in making them feel healthy, peaceful and good. Thus it is important design building with approach to have maximum of open ways in the eastern and northern sides.
- Just like natural air, natural ventilation through inflow of air and compatible lighting is necessary in every building which must be carefully pondered upon during orientation. Providing apt air vents, windows and open areas in the building is essential for all inhabitants.