Generally Basement is an underground place constructed for varied purposes. Today basement is found to be in factories, offices, complexes and even at houses as basement serves a good storage ground for different purpose. Apparently construction of basement should be done according to the building standards determining all the norms and with all precautions.
This under ground space serves an important purpose if it is build with consideration & care as being a natural under space, few precautions have to be taken while planning basement. There are few things that have to be remembered during the construction of basement, explore here:
- To build a basement, first step is excavation which should be planned accordingly in suitable season while excavating in rainy season must be avoided.
- During the time of excavation, keep in mind the sure safety of side and adjoining buildings. Many times excavation causes harm to foundation of other adjoining buildings, which is why precautions and safety is necessary.
- Make sure you take the soil 5 feet below the level of basement in order to testify its bearing capability.
- Water level of specific area is another important factor that should be considered while designing basement.
- There should be appropriate arrangement for motor &water so as to pump out the excess water while digging the ground.
- While construction, the side walls and floor should be properly covered suitably with tarps or other damp proof material.
- During the foundation and building of basement, special care should be taken while planning for the walls and columns. Basement is a sensitive and crucial place to build which is why proper care and attention is needed while designing every relative thing here.
- Make sure there is proper way for ventilation and exhaust. Being an underground place, suffocation and humidity is possible and to keep this area breathing good ventilation is necessary.
- Wiring in the basement should be done carefully as there is a possibility of spreading current due to dampness. Making use of good technological wiring system is important here.
- Sewage pipe should carefully be planned on the upper ground so that any blockage or obstruction won’t harm the line of basement.